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Table 3 Mean energy and protein intake of subjects according to DM comorbidity and GFR category

From: Foods contributing to nutrients intake and assessment of nutritional status in pre-dialysis patients: a cross-sectional study

Parameters Total DM-CKD Non-DM-CKD P value2
Early-CKD Late-CKD Early-CKD Late-CKD DM comorbidity GFR category Interaction
Energy intake (kcal)
 Male 1845.5 ± 441.11 2004.2 ± 469.7 1756.5 ± 406.1 1902.4 ± 452.8 1731.8 ± 398.4 0.57 < 0.01 0.39
 Female 1517.9 ± 415.7 1775.1 ± 297.9a 1356.2 ± 338.1b 1543.1 ± 459.6ab 1456.5 ± 418.4ab 0.48 < 0.01 < 0.05
Protein intake (g)
 Male 72.5 ± 23.3 84.4 ± 21.2a 67.2 ± 23.3b 73.7 ± 22.6ab 66.6 ± 22.9b 0.24 < 0.01 0.10
 Female 59.0 ± 19.4 70.8 ± 18.9a 57.0 ± 16.2ab 59.9 ± 21.0ab 53.4 ± 17.7b 0.06 0.01 0.38
  1. 1The data are presented as means ± standard deviations
  2. 2Two-way ANOVA was performed to compare parameters according to the DM comorbidity and GFR category. Means with different letters indicate significant differences (P < 0.05) by Bonferroni multiple comparison test