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Table 4 Multivariable analysis of chronic urine NGAL > 5 ng/ml

From: Cardiorenal syndrome in thalassemia patients

Factor associated with chronic urine NGAL > 5 ng/ml Odds Ratio (OR) 95% confidence interval p-value
Female 8.05 1.99–32.64 < 0.01
Splenectomy 0.55 0.16–1.90 0.35
EMH 3.64 0.90–14.66 0.07
Combined DFO + DFP 2.60 0.80–11.10 0.11
Hemochromatosis 2.01 0.67–6.05 0.22
24 h. urine protein 1.00 0.99–1.01 0.18
24 h. urine magnesium 1.38 0.99–1.93 0.06
Cardiorenal syndrome 2.57 0.37–17.90 0.34
Presence of heart failure 0.42 0.73–2.44 0.34
Elevated serum LDH 1.80 0.56–5.71 0.32
  1. EMH extramedullary hematopoiesis, DFO deferoxamine, DFP deferiprone, LDH lactic acid dehydrogenase