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Table 1 Characteristics of the studies included in the meta-analysis

From: A meta-analysis of the incidence rate of postoperative acute kidney injury in patients with congenital heart disease

Study/Year Area/Design Type of surgery Time of recruitment Criteria of AKI n, M/F (%) Age AKI (%)
Amini, S 2017 Iran/PCS CS for CHD 2013.03–2016.02 pRIFLE 519, 49.9/50.1 < 18 years 150 (28.9)
Aydin, SI 2012 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2006.01–2009.11 pRIFLE 458, 52.4/47.6 < 18 years 234 (51.1)
      87, 52.9/47.1 < 1 month 53 (60.9)
      371, 52.3/47.7 1 month-18 years 181 (48.8)
Blinder, JJ 2017 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2006.09–2012.05 AKIN 799, 53.8/46.2 0–36 ms 289 (36.2)
Fuhrman, DY 2019 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2004.01–2015.12 KDIGO 699, 56.4/43.6 18–40 years 92 (13.2)
Garcia, RU 2020 USA/RCS CS for CHD with CPB 2012.01–2017.12 pRIFLE 149, 65.1/34.9 14.9 (12.7–16.9) years 4 (2.7)
Gil-Ruiz Gil-Esparza 2014 Spain/RCS CS for CHD with CPB 2008.01–2010.12 pRIFLE 409, 60.4/39.6 1 month-18 years 107 (26.2)
Hirano, D 2017 Japan/RCS CS for CHD 2007.04–2013.08 pRIFLE 418, 62.0/38.0 5.0 (2.0–19.0) months 104 (24.9)
Huggins, N 2014 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2007.01–2010.11 AKIN 113, NR/NR < 18 years 46 (40.7)
Joffe, R 2018 Canada/PCS CS for CHD with CPB 2013–2015 KDIGO 66, 51.5/48.5 5.9 (4.6–11.5) months 43 (65.2)
Kim, J 2020 USA/RCS CS for CHD with CPB 2013.04–2018.05 AKIN 123, 49.6/50.4 ≥18 years 52 (42.3)
Kimura, S 2018 Japan/RCS CS for CHD with CPB 2013.12–2017.01 KDIGO 521, 53.4/46.6 < 72 months 205 (39.3)
Kumar, TK 2016 USA/RCS CS for CHD with CPB 2010.01–2012.12 AKIN 102, 55.9/44.1 < 2 months 11 (10.8)
Kwiatkowski, DM 2017 USA/RCS CS for CHD with CPB 2010.01–2013.12 KDIGO 118, 50.0/50.0 29 (21–39) years 42 (35.6)
Lee, SH 2017 Korea/RCS CS for CHD with CPB 2011.04–2011.12 pRIFLE 135, 51.1/48.9 < 18 years 19 (14.1)
      13, NR/NR < 1 month 4 (30.8)
      122, NR/NR 1 month-18 years 15 (12.3)
Li, S 2011 USA/PCS CS for CHD 2007.07–2009.12 AKIN 311, 55.0/45.0 1 month-18 years 130 (41.8)
Madsen, NL 2017 Denmark/PCS CS for CHD 1990.01–2010.12 KDIGO 382, 57.1/42.9 < 14 years 127 (33.2)
Mah, KE 2018 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2010.10–2012.12 KDIGO 117, 59.8/40.2 < 30 days 66 (56.4)
Meersch, M 2014 Germany/PCS CS for CHD with CPB 2013.07–2013.12 pRIFLE 51, 72.5/27.5 < 18 years 12 (23.5)
Miklaszewska, M 2013 Poland/PCS CS for CHD with CPB 2006–2009 pRIFLE 47, 51.1/48.9 0.5–204 months 19 (40.4)
Park, SK 2016 Korea/RCS CS for CHD 2012.01–2012.12 KDIGO 220, 55/45 10 days-18 years 92 (41.8)
      60, NR/NR < 1 month 29 (48.3)
      160, NR/NR 1 month-18 years 63 (39.4)
Piggott, KD 2015 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2010.05–2013.12 AKIN 95, 50.5/49.5 < 1 month 43 (45.3)
Ricci, Z 2012 Italy/PCS CS for CHD with CPB 2010.06–2011.06 pRIFLE 160, 55/45 < 1 years 90 (56.3)
Ruf, B 2015 Germany/PCS CS for CHD with CPB 2011.01–2011.08 pRIFLE 59, 59.3/40.7 < 1 years 28 (47.5)
Sugimoto, K 2016 Japan/PCS CS for CHD with CPB 2010.07–2012.07 pRIFLE 376, 58/42 1 month-18 years 243 (64.6)
Tanyildiz, M 2017 Turkey/RCS CS for CHD 2009.01–2011.10 pRIFLE 137, 53.3/46.7 1 month-18 years 84 (61.3)
Taylor, ML 2013 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2009.01–2009.12 AKIN 693, 53/47 6 days-18 years 104 (15)
Toth, R 2012 Hungary/RCS CS for CHD 2004.01–2008.12 pRIFLE 1510, NR/NR < 18 years 481 (31.9)
Ueno, K 2020 Japan/RCS CS for CHD 2010.05–2018.01 KDIGO 81, 60.5/39.5 < 1 month 57 (70.4)
Van Driest, SL2018 USA/RCS CS for CHD 2008.07–2016.06 KDIGO 999, 50.0/50.0 1 month-18 years 503 (50.4)
Zheng, J 2013 China/PCS CS for CHD with CPB 2010.11–2011.04 AKIN 693, 53/47 < 3 years 104 (15)
  1. n number of participants; M male; F female; AKI Acute Kidney Injury; PCS prospective cohort study; RCS retrospective cohort study; CS cardiac surgery; CHD congenital heart disease; CPB Cardiopulmonary Bypass; p-RIFLE pediatric (Risk, Injury, Failure and Loss, and End-Stage) criteria; AKIN Acute Kidney Injury; KDIGO Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria
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