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Table 4 Etiology of CKD in Cameroon

From: Chronic kidney disease in Cameroon: a scoping review

First author Year of publication Study area Study Design Study setting Study population Mean age (in years) Male (%) Sample size Etiologies
Halle [35] 2014 Urban Cross-sectional Hospital-based Patients on maintenance hemodialysis 49.4 66.4 113 Hypertension (25.6%), Chronic glomerulonephritis (20.6%), diabetes mellitus (17.4%)
Kaze [36] 2014 Urban Cross-sectional Hospital-based Patients on maintenance hemodialysis 52.7 64.0 45 Hypertension (29%), chronic glomerulonephritis (24%), Diabetes mellitus (24%)
Halle [37] 2015 Urban Retrospective cohort Hospital-based Patients with ESRD 47.4 66.0 863 Hypertension (30.9%), glomerulonephritis (15.8%), diabetes mellitus (15.9%), HIV (6.6%), unknown (14.7%)
Kaze [38] 2015 Urban Retrospective cohort Hospital-based Patients admitted in the nephrology unit 44.8 60.0 225 Chronic glomerulonephritis (25.9%), hypertension (22.3%), diabetes mellitus (20.1%)
Halle [39] 2016 Urban Prospective cohort Hospital-based Patients on maintenance hemodialysis 46.3 66.0 661 Hypertension (28.3%), chronic glomerulonephritis (17.5%), diabetes mellitus (13.9%), hypertension and diabetes (7.3%), HIV (6.7%), unknown (16.9%)
Halle [40] 2016 Urban Cross-sectional Hospital-based Maintenance hemodialysis 51 66.0 97 Hypertension (25.8%) Chronic glomerulonephritis (20.6%) Diabetes mellitus (17,5%)
Luma [41] 2017 Semi-urban Cross-sectional Hospital-based Hemodialysis patients 48 65.4 104 Hypertension (40.4%), chronic glomerulonephritis (19.2%), HIVAN (11.5%), Diabetes mellitus (7.7%), obstructive nephropathy (2.9%), unknown (13.5%)
Moor [42] 2017 Urban Cross-sectional Hospital-based Patients on maintenance hemodialysis 55 75.0 44 Hypertension (59.1%), Diabetes mellitus (11.4%)
  1. NR Not Reported, ESRD End stage renal disease, HIVAN HIV associated nephropathy