Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients in relation to severity of MICS (N = 160)

From: Prevalence of malnutrition inflammation complex syndrome among patients on maintenance haemodialysis at Muhimbili National Hospital in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics n (%) MICS status p-value
No Mild Mod-Severe
Age groups (years)
 18–39 30 (18.8%) 12 (40.0%) 9 (30.0%) 9 (30.0%) 0.310a
 40–59 75 (46.9%) 46 (61.3%) 17 (22.7%) 12 (16.0%)
  > 60 55 (34.4%) 28 (50.9%) 13 (23.6%) 14 (25.5%)
Mean Age (+ SD) years 52.2 + 13.3 53.2 + 11.8 49.7 + 14.4 52.6 + 15.3 0.397c
Gender
 Male 111 (69.4%) 65 (58.6%) 27 (24.3%) 19 (17.1%) 0.072a
 Female 49 (30.6%) 21 (42.9%) 12 (24.5%) 16 (32.7%)
Marital Status
 Living with a partner 136 (85.0%) 74 (54.4%) 32 (23.5%) 30 (22.1%) 0.837a
 Single 24 (15.0%) 12 (50.0%) 7 (29.2%) 5 (20.8%)
Level of Education
 No Formal / Primary 41 (25.6%) 19 (46.3%) 13 (31.7%) 9 (22.0%) 0.429a
 Post-primary 119 (74.4%) 67 (56.3%) 26 (21.8%) 26 (21.8%)
Mode of Payment
 Health Insurance 144 (90.0%) 78 (54.2%) 34 (23.6%) 32 (22.2%) 0.776b
 Out Of Pocket 16 (10.0%) 8 (50.0%) 5 (31.2%) 3 (18.8%)
Frequency of HD
 Thrice/week 132 (82.5%) 73 (55.3%) 30 (22.7%) 29 (22.0%) 0.575a
 Twice/week 28 (17.5%) 13 (46.4%) 9 (32.1%) 6 (21.4%)
Duration of HD (years)
  < 1 54 (33.8%) 34 (63.0%) 16 (29.6%) 4 (7.4%) < 0.001b
 1–4 92 (57.4%) 49 (53.3%) 22 (23.9%) 21 (22.8%)
  > 4 14 (8.8%) 3 (21.4%) 1 (7.1%) 10 (71.4%)
Duration on HD (months)
 Mean (+ SD) 22 + 18 17.9 + 12.3 18 + 13.5 34.7 + 26.3 < 0.001c
Vascular Access
 AV Fistula 76 (47.5%) 42 (55.3%) 16 (21.1%) 18 (23.7%) 0.644a
 Central Venous Catheter 84 (52.5%) 44 (52.4%) 23 (27.4%) 17 (20.2%)
Dialysis Adequacy
 Inadequate (URR < 65%) 38 (23.8%) 19 (50.0%) 8 (21.1%) 11 (28.9%) 0.479a
 Adequate (URR > 65%) 122 (76.3%) 67 (54.9%) 31 (25.4%) 24 (19.7%)
Diabetes Mellitus
 Yes 69 (43.1%) 40 (58.0%) 12 (17.4%) 17 (24.6%) 0.198a
 No 91 (56.9%) 46 (50.5%) 27 (29.7%) 18 (19.8%)
Hypertension
 Yes 154 (96.3%) 83 (53.9%) 37 (24.0%) 34 (22.1%) 0.863b
 No 6 (3.7%) 3 (50.0%) 2 (33.3%) 1 (16.7%)
Hypercholesterolaemia
 Yes (TC > 220 mg/dl) 9 (5.6%) 8 (88.9%) 1 (11.1%) 0 (0.0%) 0.133b
 No (TC < 220 mg/dl) 151 (94.4%) 78 (51.7%) 38 (25.2%) 35 (23.2%)
HIV Infection
 Yes 15 (9.4%) 5 (33.3%) 5 (33.3%) 5 (33.3%) 0.223b
 No 145 (90.6%) 81 (55.9%) 34 (23.4%) 30 (20.7%)
HBV Infection
 Yes 9 (5.6%) 5 (55.6%) 3 (33.3%) 1 (11.1%) 0.740b
 No 151 (94.4%) 81 (53.6%) 36 (23.8%) 34 (22.5%)
  1. a Chi-square test, b Fisher’s exact test, c ANOVA