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  1. It is unknown whether defining chronic kidney disease (CKD) based on one versus two estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) assessments changes the prognostic importance of reduced eGFR in a community-base...

    Authors: Daniel E Weiner, Maria Krassilnikova, Hocine Tighiouart, Deeb N Salem, Andrew S Levey and Mark J Sarnak

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:26

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Early detection of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is sub-optimal among the general population and among high risk patients. The prevalence and impact of major CKD risk factors, diabetes (DM) and hypertension (HT...

    Authors: Idris Guessous, William McClellan, Suma Vupputuri and Haimanot Wasse

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:25

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging worldwide problem. The lack of attention paid to kidney disease is well known and has been described in previous publications. However, little is known about the mag...

    Authors: Giorgio Gentile, Maurizio Postorino, Raymond D Mooring, Luigi De Angelis, Valeria Maria Manfreda, Fabrizio Ruffini, Manuela Pioppo and Giuseppe Quintaliani

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:24

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Catheter-related bacteraemias (CRBs) contribute significantly to morbidity, mortality and health care costs in dialysis populations. Despite international guidelines recommending avoidance of catheters for hae...

    Authors: Jennifer K Broom, Stacey O'Shea, Sridevi Govindarajulu, E Geoffrey Playford, Carmel M Hawley, Nicole M Isbel, Scott B Campbell, David W Mudge, Sally Carpenter, Barbara C Johnson, Neil P Underwood and David W Johnson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  5. Ideally, care prior to the initiation of dialysis should increase the likelihood that patients start electively outside of the hospital setting with a mature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) or peritoneal dialysis ...

    Authors: David C Mendelssohn, Christine Malmberg and Bassem Hamandi

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:22

    Content type: Review

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  6. The most common cause of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children and younger adults is the minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS). In the elderly MCNS is relatively uncommon. Over the last decade some repo...

    Authors: Christian Clajus, Janine Spiegel, Verena Bröcker, Christos Chatzikyrkou and Jan T Kielstein

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:21

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The main hypothesis of this study is that oral heme iron polypeptide (HIP; Proferrin® ES) administration will more effectively augment iron stores in erythropoietic stimulatory agent (ESA)-treated peritoneal dial...

    Authors: Katherine A Barraclough, Euan Noble, Diana Leary, Fiona Brown, Carmel M Hawley, Scott B Campbell, Nicole M Isbel, David W Mudge, Carolyn L van Eps, Joanna M Sturtevant and David W Johnson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:20

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. There has not been a comprehensive, multi-centre study of streptococcal peritonitis in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) to date.

    Authors: Stacey O'Shea, Carmel M Hawley, Stephen P McDonald, Fiona G Brown, Johan B Rosman, Kathryn J Wiggins, Kym M Bannister and David W Johnson

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:19

    Content type: Research article

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  9. There is limited knowledge of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) among high risk populations, especially in the developing countries. We report our study of testing for CKD in at-risk subjects.

    Authors: Ernest K Sumaili, Eric P Cohen, Chantal V Zinga, Jean-Marie Krzesinski, Nestor M Pakasa and Nazaire M Nseka

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:18

    Content type: Research article

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  10. It is well know that arterial stiffness, oxidative stress and inflammation are features of chronic kidney disease. The arterial changes have a multitude of potential interconnected causes including endothelial...

    Authors: Robert G Fassett, Vincent D'Intini, Helen Healy, John Gowardman, Jay-Sen Gan, James E Sharman and Jeff S Coombes

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  11. Post-transplant anaemia remains a common problem after kidney transplantation, with an incidence ranging from nearly 80% at day 0 to about 25% at 1 year. It has been associated with poor graft outcome, and rec...

    Authors: David W Mudge, Ken-Soon Tan, Rhianna Miles, David W Johnson, Scott B Campbell, Carmel M Hawley, Nicole M Isbel, Carolyn L Van Eps and David L Nicol

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  12. To facilitate in the identification of gene products important in regulating renal glomerular structure and function, we have produced an annotated transcriptome database for normal human glomeruli using the S...

    Authors: Jenny Nyström, Wolfgang Fierlbeck, Anna Granqvist, Stephen C Kulak and Barbara J Ballermann

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:13

    Content type: Database

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  13. Previous studies have examined the spectrum of diseases identified with a kidney biopsy and the complications of the procedure. However, few studies have examined the utility of the test to clarify the diagnos...

    Authors: Bari Scheckner, Alexandra Peyser, Jacob Rube, Freya Tarapore, Rachel Frank, Suzanne Vento, Cathy Hoffman, Elsa Valderrama, Douglas Charney, Beatrice Goilav and Howard Trachtman

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:11

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Despite the characteristic extensive tubulointerstitial fibrosis, Balkan Endemic Nephropathy (BEN) is usually considered a non-inflammatory disease.

    Authors: Wilfried Karmaus, Plamen Dimitrov, Valeri Simeonov, Svetla Tsolova and Vecihi Batuman

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Increased activation of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may be important in promoting coronary heart disease (CHD) and renal dysfunction, but limited data are available on associations between angiotensin t...

    Authors: Julie Lin, Frank B Hu, Lu Qi and Gary C Curhan

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Patients on peritoneal and hemodialysis have accelerated atherosclerosis associated with an increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The atherosclerosis is associated with increased arterial stiffne...

    Authors: Robert G Fassett, Ritza Driver, Helen Healy, Dwarakanathan Ranganathan, Sharad Ratanjee, Iain K Robertson, Dominic P Geraghty, James E Sharman and Jeff S Coombes

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  17. A concentrate for bicarbonate haemodialysis acidified with citrate instead of acetate has been marketed in recent years. The small amount of citrate used (one-fifth of the concentration adopted in regional ant...

    Authors: Luca Gabutti, Barbara Lucchini, Claudio Marone, Lorenzo Alberio and Michel Burnier

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:7

    Content type: Research article

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  18. In patients treated by maintenance hemodialysis the relationship to survival of hemoglobin level and administered epoetin-alfa and intravenous iron is controversial. The study aim was to determine effects on p...

    Authors: Victor E Pollak, Jonathan A Lorch, Rakesh Shukla and Supriya Satwah

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:6

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Anaemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and can be managed by therapy with erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). Epoetin delta (DYNEPO®, Shire plc) is the only epoetin produced in a hu...

    Authors: Ulrich Frei, Jonathan TC Kwan and Bruce S Spinowitz

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:5

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly being recognized as an emerging public health problem in India. However, community based estimates of low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and proteinuria are few. ...

    Authors: Narinder P Singh, Gopal K Ingle, Vinay K Saini, Ajita Jami, Pankaj Beniwal, Madan Lal and Gajender S Meena

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:4

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) has declined in the United States over the past decade and technique failure is also reportedly higher in PD compared to hemodialysis (HD), but there are little data in the ...

    Authors: Bernard G Jaar, Laura C Plantinga, Deidra C Crews, Nancy E Fink, Nasser Hebah, Josef Coresh, Alan S Kliger and Neil R Powe

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:3

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Exercise training in hemodialysis patients improves fitness, physical function, quality of life and markers of cardiovascular disease such as arterial stiffness. The majority of trials investigating this area ...

    Authors: Kirsten P Koh, Robert G Fassett, James E Sharman, Jeff S Coombes and Andrew D Williams

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  23. Haemodialysis (HD) is critically dependent on the availability of adequate access to the systemic circulation, ideally via a native arteriovenous fistula (AVF). The Primary failure rate of an AVF ranges betwee...

    Authors: Ashley Irish, Gursharan Dogra, Trevor Mori, Elaine Beller, Stephane Heritier, Carmel Hawley, Peter Kerr, Amanda Robertson, Johan Rosman, Peta-Anne Paul-Brent, Melissa Starfield, Kevan Polkinghorne and Alan Cass

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2009 10:1

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. The objective was to investigate the association between renal structural parameters and renal function. The structural parameters were renal cortical volume, total renal volume, number of glomeruli, and total...

    Authors: Anders B Lødrup, Kristian Karstoft, Thomas H Dissing, Jens R Nyengaard and Michael Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  25. There is evidence that renal transplant recipients have accelerated atherosclerosis manifest by increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The high incidence of atherosclerosis is, in part, related to i...

    Authors: Robert G Fassett, Helen Healy, Ritza Driver, Iain K Robertson, Dominic P Geraghty, James E Sharman and Jeff S Coombes

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:17

    Content type: Study protocol

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  26. Guidelines for the management of anaemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) recommend a minimal haemoglobin (Hb) target of 11 g/dL. Recent surveys indicate that this requirement is not met in many p...

    Authors: Claudine M Mathieu, Daniel Teta, Nathalie Lötscher, Dela Golshayan, Luca Gabutti, Denes Kiss, Pierre-Yves Martin and Michel Burnier

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:16

    Content type: Research article

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  27. In hemodialysis, extracorporeal blood flow (Qb) recommendation is 300–500 mL/min. To achieve the best Qb, we based our prescription on dynamic arterial line pressure (DALP).

    Authors: Franklin G Mora-Bravo, Alfonso Mariscal, Juan P Herrera–Felix, Salvador Magaña, Guadalupe De-La-Cruz, Nelly Flores, Laura Rosales, Martha Franco and Héctor Pérez-Grovas

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:15

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The study examines differences regarding quality of life (QoL), mental health and illness beliefs between in-centre haemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD/PD) patients. Differen...

    Authors: M Ginieri-Coccossis, P Theofilou, C Synodinou, V Tomaras and C Soldatos

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the most common histologic pattern of renal injury seen in adults with idiopathic proteinuria. Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in the podocin gene NP...

    Authors: Stephen J Tonna, Alexander Needham, Krishna Polu, Andrea Uscinski, Gerald B Appel, Ronald J Falk, Avi Katz, Salah Al-Waheeb, Bernard S Kaplan, George Jerums, Judy Savige, Jennifer Harmon, Kang Zhang, Gary C Curhan and Martin R Pollak

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:13

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Familial hypomagnesaemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC) is an autosomal recessive disorder of renal calcium and magnesium wasting frequently complicated by progressive chronic renal failure i...

    Authors: Geeta Hampson, Martin A Konrad and John Scoble

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Monoclonal free light chains (FLCs) frequently cause rapidly progressive renal failure in patients with multiple myeloma. Immunoassays which provide quantitative measurement of FLCs in serum, have now been ado...

    Authors: Colin A Hutchison, Tim Plant, Mark Drayson, Paul Cockwell, Melpomeni Kountouri, Kolitha Basnayake, Stephen Harding, Arthur R Bradwell and Graham Mead

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is characterized by the formation of multiple fluid-filled cysts that destroy the kidney architecture resulting in end-stage renal failure. Mutations in genes

    Authors: Kyriacos N Felekkis, Panayiota Koupepidou, Evdokia Kastanos, Ralph Witzgall, Chang-Xi Bai, Li Li, Leonidas Tsiokas, Norbert Gretz and Constantinos Deltas

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:10

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Prior studies using creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have found limited associations between kidney function and markers of inflammation. Using eGFR and cystatin C, a novel marker o...

    Authors: Christopher Keller, Ronit Katz, Mary Cushman, Linda F Fried and Michael Shlipak

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The main hypothesis of this study is that Oxpentifylline administration will effectively treat erythropoietin- or darbepoietin-resistant anaemia in chronic kidney disease patients.

    Authors: David Wayne Johnson, Carmel Mary Hawley, Brenda Rosser, Elaine Beller, Charles Thompson, Robert G Fassett, Paolo Ferrari, Stephen MacDonald, Eugenie Pedagogos and Alan Cass

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:8

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Selenoproteins contain selenocysteine (Sec), commonly considered the 21st genetically encoded amino acid. Many selenoproteins, such as the glutathione peroxidases and thioredoxin reductases, protect cells against...

    Authors: Marsha N Blauwkamp, Jingcheng Yu, MaryLee A Schin, Kathleen A Burke, Marla J Berry, Bradley A Carlson, Frank C Brosius III and Ronald J Koenig

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:7

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Concern lingers that dialysis therapy at for-profit (versus not-for-profit) hemodialysis facilities in the United States may be associated with higher mortality, even though 4 of every 5 contemporary dialysis ...

    Authors: Robert N Foley, Qiao Fan, Jiannong Liu, David T Gilbertson, Eric D Weinhandl, Shu-Cheng Chen and Allan J Collins

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Administrative claims are a rich source of information for epidemiological and health services research; however, the ability to accurately capture specific diseases or complications using claims data has been...

    Authors: Alisa M Shea, Lesley H Curtis, Lynda A Szczech and Kevin A Schulman

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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  38. There is evidence that dyslipidemia is associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Experimental studies have established that lipids are damaging to the kidney and animal intervention studies show statins at...

    Authors: Robert G Fassett, Madeleine J Ball, Iain K Robertson, Dominic P Geraghty and Jeff S Coombes

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:4

    Content type: Study protocol

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  39. Cardiovascular events are the leading cause of death in end stage renal disease (ESRD). Adherence to phosphate binding medication plays a vital role in reducing serum phosphorus and associated cardiovascular r...

    Authors: Christina Karamanidou, Jane Clatworthy, John Weinman and Rob Horne

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2008 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  40. An ad hoc peer-review committee was jointly appointed by Drug Authorities and Industry in Germany, Austria and Switzerland in 1999/2000 to review the evidence for a causal relation between phenacetin-free anal...

    Authors: Fokke J van der Woude, Lothar AJ Heinemann, Helmut Graf, Michael Lewis, Sabine Moehner, Anita Assmann and Doerthe Kühl-Habich

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2007 8:15

    Content type: Research article

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  41. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between acute serum creatinine changes in acute renal failure (ARF), before specialized treatment begins, and in-hospital mortality, recovery of renal funct...

    Authors: Jose Ramon Perez-Valdivieso, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Pablo Monedero, Jokin de Irala and Francisco Javier Lavilla

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2007 8:14

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Currently there is no effective treatment available to retard cyst growth and to prevent the progression to end-stage renal failure in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Eviden...

    Authors: Andreas L Serra, Andreas D Kistler, Diane Poster, Marian Struker, Rudolf P Wüthrich, Dominik Weishaupt and Frank Tschirch

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2007 8:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  43. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common genetic disease with few treatment options other than renal replacement therapy. p21, a cyclin kinase inhibitor which has pleiotropic effects on...

    Authors: Jin-Young Park, William E Schutzer, Jessie N Lindsley, Susan P Bagby, Terry T Oyama, Sharon Anderson and Robert H Weiss

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2007 8:12

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) is one of the most common causes of primary nephrotic syndrome in adults. However, it is a relatively rare entity in the pediatric population and there is a paucity of d...

    Authors: Ashton Chen, Rachel Frank, Suzanne Vento, Virginia Crosby, Manju Chandra, Bernard Gauthier, Elsa Valderrama and Howard Trachtman

    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2007 8:11

    Content type: Research article

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