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  1. Kidney transplantation is the best treatment for people with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Kidney allocation is the most important challenge in kidney transplantation process. In this study, a Fuzzy Inferenc...

    Authors: Nasrin Taherkhani, Mohammad Mehdi Sepehri, Roghaye Khasha and Shadi Shafaghi
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:31
  2. AKI is related to severe adverse outcomes and mortality with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, that early diagnosed and intervened is imperative. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) i...

    Authors: Moli Yin, Yuanwang Nie, Hao Liu, Lei Liu, Lu Tang, Yuan Dong, Chuanmin Hu and Huiyan Wang
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:30
  3. Renal insufficiency (RI) is a frequent comorbidity among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to evaluate the attributable risk associated with mild RI for the in-hospital outcomes in patients...

    Authors: Fengbo Xu, Guoqin Wang, Nan Ye, Weijing Bian, Lijiao Yang, Changsheng Ma, Dong Zhao, Jing Liu, Yongchen Hao, Jun Liu, Na Yang and Hong Cheng
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:29
  4. After kidney transplantation, pregnancy and graft function may have a reciprocal interaction. We evaluated the influence of graft function on the course of pregnancy and vice versa.

    Authors: Anke Schwarz, Roland Schmitt, Gunilla Einecke, Frieder Keller, Ulrike Bode, Hermann Haller and Hans Heinrich Guenter
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:27
  5. The Oxford classification/MEST score is an established histopathologic scoring system for patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The objective of this study was to derive a prognostic model for IgAN based on th...

    Authors: Yngvar Lunde Haaskjold, Rune Bjørneklett, Leif Bostad, Lars Sigurd Bostad, Njål Gjærde Lura and Thomas Knoop
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:26
  6. The addition of sialic acid alters IgG from a pro-inflammatory state to an anti-inflammatory state. However, there is a lack of research on the changes of IgG sialylation in IgA nephropathy (IgAN).

    Authors: Youxia Liu, Hongfen Li, Huyan Yu, Fanghao Wang, Junya Jia and Tiekun Yan
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:25
  7. Here we report estimates of glomerular basement membrane (GBM) thickness in the Brazilian population performed using direct (DM) and orthogonal interception methods (OIM), and comment on potential sources of v...

    Authors: Débora Leal Viana, Dona Jeanne Alladagbin, Washington L. C. dos-Santos and Claudio Pereira Figueira
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:23
  8. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) may overlap with other connective tissue diseases, which is named overlap syndrome. Scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) is a rare but severe complication of SSc. SSc related thrombotic micr...

    Authors: Weiwei Kong, Yaomin Wang, Huiping Wang, Qin Zhou, Jianghua Chen and Fei Han
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:22
  9. The impact of changes in portal pressure before and after liver resection (defined as ΔHVPG) on postoperative kidney function remains unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effect of ΔHVPG on (i) the incidenc...

    Authors: Christian Reiterer, Alexander Taschner, Florian Luf, Manfred Hecking, Dietmar Tamandl, Oliver Zotti, Thomas Reiberger, Patrick Starlinger, Mattias Mandorfer and Edith Fleischmann
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:21
  10. BK virus associated nephropathy (BKVAN) is one of the common causes of graft loss among kidney transplanted recipients (KTRs). The current treatment for BKV nephropathy is decreasing the immunosuppressive regi...

    Authors: Zahra Rahimi, Ramin Yaghobi, Afsoon Afshari, Jamshid Roozbeh, Mohammad Javad Mokhtari and Ali Malek Hosseini
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:20
  11. Hemodialysis-associated anaphylactic reactions are rare and frequently complex in nature due to the sheer number of possible culprit agents. Unfortunately, dialysis is often unavoidable or strictly essential f...

    Authors: Jia Neng TAN, Yi DA, Sabrina HAROON and Titus LAU
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:18

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2022 23:44

  12. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health concern, but its disease burden and risk-attributable burden in CKD has been poorly studied in low - and middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed...

    Authors: Changrong Ke, Juanjuan Liang, Mi Liu, Shiwei Liu and Chunping Wang
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:17

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Nephrology 2022 23:66

  13. In patients with diabetes and hypertension, proteinuria is independently associated with all-cause death. However, in the general population, urinary albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) is less used to predict ...

    Authors: Anhang Zhang, Man Li, Jiaojiao Qiu, Jin Sun, Yongkang Su, Shuang Cai, Qiligeer Bao, Bokai Cheng, Shouyuan Ma, Yan Zhang, Shuxia Wang and Ping Zhu
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:16
  14. Imerslund-Gräsbeck Syndrome (IGS) is mainly caused by CUBN gene biallelic mutations. Proteinuria accompanies IGS specific symptoms in about half of the patients, isolated proteinuria is rarely reported. Here w...

    Authors: Jing Yang, Yongli Xu, Linxia Deng, Luowen Zhou, Liru Qiu, Yu Zhang and Jianhua Zhou
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:15
  15. Authors: Soo Kun Lim, Bak Leong Goh, Ravindran Visvanathan, Su Hyun Kim, Jin Seok Jeon, Sung Gyun Kim, Jae Hyun Chang, Chun Soo Lim and Zaki Morad
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:14

    The original article was published in BMC Nephrology 2021 22:391

  16. Development of vascular calcification is accelerated in patients with end-stage renal disease. In addition to traditional risk factors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) abnormal bone and mineral metabolism toget...

    Authors: Louise Aaltonen, Niina Koivuviita, Marko Seppänen, Heikki Kröger, Xiaoyu Tong, Eliisa Löyttyniemi and Kaj Metsärinne
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:12
  17. Hemodialysis (HD) patients have a higher mortality rate compared with general population. Our previous study revealed that platelet counts might be a potential risk factor. The role of platelets in HD patients...

    Authors: Xinju Zhao, Qingyu Niu, Liangying Gan, Fan Fan Hou, Xinling Liang, Zhaohui Ni, Xiaonong Chen, Yuqing Chen, Keith McCullough, Bruce Robinson and Li Zuo
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:11
  18. The pathogenesis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) is closely associated with mucosal infection. But whether intestinal microbiota dysbiosis plays a role in it is not clear.

    Authors: Jiaxing Tan, Zhengxia Zhong, Yi Tang and Wei Qin
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:10
  19. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk of developing progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage kidney failure. Hypertension is a major, reversible risk factor in people with diabetes f...

    Authors: D. Banerjee, P. Winocour, T. A. Chowdhury, P. De, M. Wahba, R. Montero, D. Fogarty, A. H. Frankel, J. Karalliedde, P. B. Mark, D. C. Patel, A. Pokrajac, A. Sharif, S. Zac-Varghese, S. Bain and I. Dasgupta
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:9
  20. Kidney dysfunction is common in patients with heart failure (HF) and has been associated with poor outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, correlates, and prognosis of kidney dysfunction in pat...

    Authors: Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Clovis Nkoke, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Denis Teuwafeu, Alex T. Mambap, Cyrille Nkouonlack, Ronald Gobina, Debimeh Njume, Anastase Dzudie and Gloria Ashuntantang
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:8
  21. Sedentary behavior and decreased physical activity are associated with reduced kidney function, yet most evidence is based on self-reported physical activity. This study investigated the association between ac...

    Authors: Sachiko Sasaki, Koshi Nakamura, Shigekazu Ukawa, Emiko Okada, Shiho Amagasa, Shigeru Inoue, Takashi Kimura, Aya Yoshimura, Aya Tanaka, Takafumi Nakagawa, Akihiro Imae and Akiko Tamakoshi
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:7
  22. African American (AA) recipients of deceased-donor (DD) kidney transplants (KT) have shorter allograft survival than recipients of other ethnic groups. Reasons for this disparity encompass complex interactions...

    Authors: Jasmin Divers, Sumit Mohan, W. Mark Brown, Stephen O. Pastan, Ajay K. Israni, Robert S. Gaston, Robert Bray, Shahidul Islam, Natalia V. Sakhovskaya, Alejandra M. Mena-Gutierrez, Amber M. Reeves-Daniel, Bruce A. Julian and Barry I. Freedman
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:6
  23. Higher serum galectin-3 levels are related to adverse outcomes in different disease states. However, the association of galectin-3 with mortality in the maintenance hemodialysis (HD) population has not been fu...

    Authors: Shuxin Liu, Qijun Wu, Shuang Zhang, Zhihong Wang, Hong Liu, Lanbo Teng, Ping Xiao, Yan Lu, Xuena Wang, Cui Dong, Jia Xiao and Jiayu Zhang
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:5
  24. The main treatment strategy in type 1 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS1) is vascular decongestion. It is probable that sequential blockage of the renal tubule with combined diuretics (CD) will obtain similar benefits...

    Authors: Jonathan S. Chávez-Iñiguez, Miguel Ibarra-Estrada, Sergio Sánchez-Villaseca, Gregorio Romero-González, Jorge J. Font-Yañez, Andrés De la Torre-Quiroga, Andrés Aranda-G de Quevedo, Alexia Romero-Muñóz, Pablo Maggiani-Aguilera, Gael Chávez-Alonso, Juan Gómez-Fregoso and Guillermo García-García
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:3
  25. The relationships of healthy lifestyle scores (HLS) of various kinds in adulthood with the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have been reported, but little is known about the association of childhood lifest...

    Authors: Conghui Liu, Jing Tian, Matthew D. Jose, Ye He, Terence Dwyer and Alison J. Venn
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:2
  26. Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) cover a spectrum of structural malformations that result from aberrant morphogenesis of kidney and urinary tract. It is the most prevalent cause of ...

    Authors: Ambili Narikot, Varsha Chhotusing Pardeshi, A. M. Shubha, Arpana Iyengar and Anil Vasudevan
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2022 23:1
  27. As the COVID-19 pandemic spread worldwide, case reports and small series identified its association with an increasing number of medical conditions including a propensity for thrombotic complications. And sinc...

    Authors: Maged H. Hussein, Mohamad S. Alabdaljabar, Noorah Alfagyh, Mohammad Badran and Khalid Alamiri
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:420
  28. This study aimed to investigate fetal and maternal outcomes in women with active lupus nephritis (LN). Specifically, we compared women who had new-onset LN and those with pre-existing LN during pregnancy.

    Authors: Xing-Ji Lian, Li Fan, Xi Xia, Xia-Min Huang, Hong-Jian Ye, Xue-Qing Yu, Hai-Tian Chen and Wei Chen
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:419
  29. Renal injury in transfusion dependent β thalassemia patients (TDT) has been attributed to iron overload, chronic anemia and iron-chelation therapy (ICT) toxicity. We studied renal function in TDT patients trea...

    Authors: Osama Tanous, Yossi Azulay, Raphael Halevy, Tal Dujovny, Neta Swartz, Raul Colodner, Ariel Koren and Carina Levin
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:418
  30. Heterozygous truncating variants in the Tripartite motif containing 8 (TRIM8) gene have been reported to cause epileptic encephalopathy, both with and without proteinuria. A recent study showed a lack of TRIM8 pr...

    Authors: Yoko Shirai, Kenichiro Miura, Naoto Kaneko, Kiyonobu Ishizuka, Amane Endo, Taeko Hashimoto, Shoichiro Kanda, Yutaka Harita and Motoshi Hattori
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:417
  31. Parental donor kidney transplantation is the most common treatment option for children and adolescents with kidney failure. Emerging data from observational studies have reported improved short- and medium-ter...

    Authors: Wai H. Lim, Brigitte Adams, Stephen Alexander, Antonia H. M. Bouts, Frans Claas, Michael Collins, Elisabeth Cornelissen, Heather Dunckley, Huib de Jong, Lloyd D’Orsogna, Anna Francis, Sebastiaan Heidt, Jean Herman, Rhonda Holdsworth, Joshua Kausman, Rabia Khalid…
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:416
  32. Sepsis is the most common trigger for AKI and up to 40% of mild or moderate septic AKI would progress to more severe AKI, which is associated with significantly increased risk for death and later CKD/ESRD. Ear...

    Authors: Xiaolei Tao, Chunbo Chen, Weihong Luo, Jing Zhou, Jianwei Tian, Xiaobing Yang and Fan Fan Hou
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:415
  33. The prevalence and distribution of glomerular diseases differ among countries, and the indication to perform a kidney biopsy varies among centres. In this study, we assessed the prevalence of primary and secon...

    Authors: Gustavo Gomes Thomé, Talissa Bianchini, Rafael Nazario Bringhenti, Pedro Guilherme Schaefer, Elvino José Guardão Barros and Francisco Veríssimo Veronese
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:414
  34. One of the main causes of anaemia in patients with end-stage renal disease is relative deficiency in erythropoietin production. Eythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA), a potent haematopoietic growth factor, is ...

    Authors: Shun Hasegawa, Seishi Nakamura, Tetsuro Sugiura, Yoshiaki Tsuka, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Koichiro Matsumura, Toshika Okumiya, Masato Baden and Ichiro Shiojima
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:413
  35. Simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation is considered a curative treatment for type 1 diabetes complicated by end-stage kidney disease. We report herein a case of mesangial sclerosis in a patient who unde...

    Authors: Boonphiphop Boonpheng, Jonathan E. Zuckerman, Gerald S. Lipshutz, Gabriel M. Danovitch, Angela Phelps, Michele Pena and Julie M. Yabu
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:412
  36. We report a case of a 25-year-old male patient, who developed acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (aTTP) after receiving a first dose of mRNA-based SARS-CoV-2 vaccine Spikevax (mRNA-1273, Moderna Biot...

    Authors: Bilgin Osmanodja, Adrian Schreiber, Eva Schrezenmeier and Evelyn Seelow
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:411
  37. Regional citrate anticoagulation may cause a negative calcium balance, systemic hypocalcemia and parathormone (PTH) activation but randomzed studies are not available. Aim was to determine the effect of citrat...

    Authors: Willem Boer, Tom Fivez, Margot Vander Laenen, Liesbeth Bruckers, Hans Jurgen Grön, Miet Schetz and Heleen Oudemans-van Straaten
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:409
  38. Transient antenatal Bartter’s syndrome caused by MAGED2 mutation is a rare X-linked recessive renal tubular disorder. Cases reported are mostly infants, and the long-term prognosis of the disease is still under i...

    Authors: Mingsheng Ma, Mengqi Zhang, Yu Zhou, Fengxia Yao, Min Wei, Zhenghong Li and Zhengqing Qiu
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:408
  39. Increased perioperative pro-inflammatory biomarkers, renal hypoperfusion and ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) heighten cardiac surgery acute kidney injury (CS-AKI) risk. Increased urinary anti-inflammatory cy...

    Authors: William T. McBride, Mary Jo Kurth, Anna Domanska, Joanne Watt, Gavin McLean, Jijin Joseph, John V. Lamont, Peter Fitzgerald and Mark W. Ruddock
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:406
  40. It is very important that kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) take immunosuppressive drugs to prevent graft rejection. This study aimed to identify the tacrolimus trough levels (TTL)-mean, TTL-standard deviati...

    Authors: Young Hui Hwang, Hyunjung Kim, Kyungok Min and Jaeseok Yang
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:405
  41. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Paul D. Jewell, Kate Bramham, James Galloway, Frank Post, Sam Norton, James Teo, Richard Fisher, Rohit Saha, Sam Hutchings, Phil Hopkins, Priscilla Smith, Jennifer Joslin, Satish Jayawardene, Sarah Mackie, Ali Mudhaffer, Amelia Holloway…
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:403

    The original article was published in BMC Nephrology 2021 22:359

  42. Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality in kidney failure (KF). Patients with KF from atheroembolic disease are at higher risk of cardiovascular disease than other causes of KF. This study aimed...

    Authors: Tahira Scott, Isabelle Ethier, Carmel Hawley, Elaine M. Pascoe, Andrea K. Viecelli, Arnold Ng, Yeoungjee Cho and David W. Johnson
    Citation: BMC Nephrology 2021 22:401

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